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KANNADA  PATRIKA  KOSHA

Digital Kannada Newspaper Repository

There has been no complete documentation of the history of Kannada journalism and the present web portal fills the void in scholarship. In fact the original work in Kannada journalism was initiated by eminent researcher Srinivasa Havanur who corrected the errors in the history of Kannada journalism. There was controversy about the place of publication of first newspaper published in Kannada. It goes to the credit of Srinivasa Havanur to identify the first newspaper of Kannada with evidence. Mangalura Samachara is the first newspaper of Kannada published and edited by a German missionary Rev.Herman Fredrik Moegling of Basel mission on July 1, 1843.

It was earlier wrongly documented as Kannada Samachara published in 1812 at Bellary and later at Mangalore. Srinivasa Havanur was able to collect the print copy of the newspapers to prove with evidence that the first newspaper in Kannada is Mangaluru Samachara published in 1843 and not Kannada Samachara claimed to be published in 1812.

According to Srinivasa Havanur, the growth of Kannada literature during Arunodaya is classified into three phases namely I phase in 1810- 1840, II phase in 1841-1880 and III phase in 1881-1899. The Kannada language underwent major transformation and writers discovered new form, style and structure integrating prose and verse forms. Influenced by European literature, during 19th century writers experimented with new forms of literature like drama, novels and poetry besides translation. The I phase witnessed the arrival and expansion of printing press in Karnataka leading to the birth of Kannada newspapers in the II phase.

The Kannada press was enriched by the establishment of printing press as well as the growth of Kannada literature. The history of Kannada press was written by the German missionary Rev. Herman Fredrik Moegling of Basel Mission who established the first newspaper in Kannada in Mangalore called ‘Mangalura Samachara’, a fortnightly on experimental basis on July 1, 1843.This digital collection is hoped to throw insight into the growth of Kannada journalism during literary movement that shaped Kannada literature.

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